Concrete Veining Technique
Concrete veining is one of those techniques that is only achievable using concrete acid stain. The marbled result and vibrant colors are hallmarks of concrete acid stain’s reaction to concrete surfaces. If you’re thinking of adding some concrete veining to your surfaces, you’ve come to the right place.
In this how-to, we’ll show you the steps for coloring your own concrete surface using the concrete veining technique. All you’ll need is some concrete acid stain, a few cleaning supplies, a sealer, and some patience.
Wet on Dry: Acid Stain Vein Technique
Step 1: Cleaning the Concrete Surface
Cleaning the concrete slab before staining is the most important step to the concrete veining technique. Any spot of paint, oil, or mastic left on the concrete surface will affect your stain finish.
For a complete guide on how to prepare concrete for staining, we’ve put together a guide for Preparing a Concrete Surface.
Step 2: Applying Base Color
Apply a base color according to our How-to Acid Stain guidelines. To produce a multi-colored effect with distinct areas of color, begin with your lightest color as a the first base coat. Base coat colors can either be a light acid stain color such as Desert Amber and Malayan Buff or one of the darker stains cut with water. Neutralize and rinse completely.
Apply main base color with a pump-up sprayer
Apply accent color with a hand sprayer
Step 3: Let Acid Stain Base Color React
Allow your concrete acid stain color of choice to fully react with the concrete surface. Read our article on Acid Stain Color Activation Times to know when your surface is ready for the step.
Tip 1: Always have a spray bottle of water or a pinch of baking soda to water down or neutralize any stray drips from your applicator/spray bottle.
Tip 2: Large pits in the floor can be filled with a clear self-leveling epoxy like you might use for crafts, carefully drip and spread into and along the pit with a toothpick.
Tip 3: Cracks in the concrete a bit larger than a hair-line crack can be carefully filled with gold leaf and sealed over. Not many could say they have real gold in their floor!
Step 4: Neutralize the Acid Stain Base Color
Once the residue has dried and the stain has been given at least the recommended minimum time to react, the surface should be neutralized and all debris or excess stain removed in the following manner:
- Prepare a solution using baking soda at a ratio of 1-2 tablespoons of soda per gallon of water. Thoroughly spread the solution across the slab, scrubbing with a nylon scrub brush where needed to remove residue. A shop vacuum can also be used for indoor projects.
- Wash the surface carefully using clean water until nothing but clear water is visible.
- Allow to dry before proceeding.
Step 5: Create Vein Design
There are several veining techniques you can use. Lay string down on the concrete surface with the desired design. Long strips of plastic wrap crinkled up in a long tube or irregularly shaped pieces of cardboard strewn across the surface will also create veins. The acid stain collects where the plastic rests on the wet stain, or the cardboard will keep the surface underneath clear of stain.
To avoid accidentally drip some concrete acid stain onto an area you didn’t mean to, come prepared. Bring a spray bottle filled with concrete acid stain neutralizer on hand to spray on the problem areas.
Here are a some tips from one of Direct Colors Stay-at-Home Contest Winner Kevin Adams:
Veining Tip 1: Use irregularly torn cardboard pieces and arrange on your floor as desired, then apply a wet area 6-8 inches away but along your cardboard so any overspray will be diluted. Try not to use torn paper as it is too thin and may not wick stain away from your irregular edge. Do not remove until dry to avoid drips.
Veining Tip 2: Use toilet paper and arrange on your floor with bunches, twists and turns, lightly wet and tease any straight lines or edges out with your fingers, lightly dribble acid stain to get a custom wrinkled veining. After a few hours sprinkle with baking soda and wet again to neutralize.
Veining Tip 3: With a small container or water bottle, dribble an irregular puddle followed by dribbles of acid stain in the puddle water, as the water levels and settles the stain will flow with and mix into the water giving a custom flowing water-color like effect.
Step 6: Let Acid Stain Vein Color React
Allow your concrete acid stain color of choice to fully react with the concrete surface.
Read our article on Acid Stain Color Activation Times to know when your surface is ready for the next step.
Step 7: Neutralize and Clean Acid Stain Residue
After allowing the veining color to fully react, rinse, and let the stained surface dry completely before sealing.
Step 8: Apply Sealer
Once you’ve allowed both layers of the concrete acid stain to dry, you’re ready to seal. Sealing a floor using the concrete veining technique is the same as any other floor. Once you’ve chosen your sealer, simply roll or spray it on in thin, even coats.
“My family would like to thank you for great products, prompt shipping, and an awesome website. Attached in the next few emails are pictures of our project. It was truly an easy, straightforward process when following the guidance provided on your website. We love the results and will refer friends and family to your company and provide the assurance that concrete staining really is a fun DIY project!”
Allow the sealer to dry completely, and enjoy your newly stained concrete surface.
For more information on choosing the right sealer for your floor, check out our guide.
And you’re done! Concrete acid stain is one of the most vibrant and fulfilling concrete colorants. It might sound intimidating at first, but even a complex project like this can be done in only 8 easy steps.